Седат Игдеджи, Sedat Igdeci, Cedat Igdeci, Bekir Igdeci, Lidiya Igdeci, Elizaveta Igdeci

This article describes the frequently asked questions about ISPmanager  Lite.

Issues with DNS-server


DNS-server logs and files

BIND configuration file

CentOS: /etc/named.conf

Debian, Ubuntu: /etc/bind/named.conf

BIND configuration file

CentOS: /var/named/*

Debian, Ubuntu: /etc/bind/domains

PowerDNS configuration file

CentOS: /etc/pdns/pdns.conf

Debian, Ubuntu: /etc/powerdns/pdns.conf

PowerDNS domain zone records

The records are kept in MySQL databases, a separate base for every name space. The default name space is powerdns for CentOS, pdns for Debian.

BIND and PowerDNS logs

CentOS: /var/log/messages

Debian, Ubuntu: /var/log/syslog

Master DNS-server diagnostics

DNS server does not respond to request for domain zone

Make sure the DNS-server on the master server responds to requests for the domain zone:

dig <domain> @<IP address> ANY +short
 View details

<domain> — domain name.

<IP address> — DNS-server IP address. Usually, it matches the primary IP address of the server.

A response will look something like this: 

dig domain.name @1.1.1.1 ANY +short
mary.me. root.example.com. 2014041800 10800 3600 604800 86400
ns2.example.com.
ns1.example.com.
"v=spf1 ip4:1.1.1.1 a mx ~all"
10 mail.domain.name.
1.1.1.1

The following response indicates that the DNS-server is not running:

dig domain.nam @1.1.1.1 ANY +short
; <<>> DiG 9.8.2rc1-RedHat-9.8.2-0.23.rc1.el6_5.1 <<>> domain.nam @1.1.1.1 ANY +short
;; global options: +cmd
;; connection timed out; no servers could be reached

An empty response indicates that the DNS-server doesn’t have information about the domain. Perhaps, it could not upload the domain zone. Open the log for more details. 

BIND could not upload the domain zone

The most common cause of this issue is an incorrect zone file. 

Please check:

  1. If both the domain and name servers are from the same zone, A-records for the name servers must be specified in the domain zone file. For example,  the domain domain.com and the name servers ns1.domain.comns2.domain.com. If A-records are not present, you will see the following information in the log file:  

    zone domain.name/IN: NS 'ns1.domain.name' has no address records (A or AAAA)
    zone domain.name/IN: NS 'ns2.domain.name' has no address records (A or AAAA)
    zone domain.name/IN: not loaded due to errors. 

    To resolve this issue, add A-records into the zone file: 

    ns1 IN A <IP address of the primary name server>
    ns2 IN A <IP address of the secondary name server>
  2. The A and CNAME records cannot be specified for the same subdomain::

    me.domain.name.   IN      A       8.8.8.8
    me.domain.name.   IN      CNAME   google.com

    This can cause the following error:

    zone domain.name/IN: loading from master file /var/named/domain.name failed: CNAME and other data
    zone domain.name/IN: not loaded due to errors.

    Also, it is not possible to create the CNAME record for second-level domains. 

Slave name server diagnostics

Checking connection with the DNS-server 

Try to connect to port 53 of the master server through telnet:

telnet <IP address of the master server> 53

If you cannot connect, check the Firewall settings on the master and slave servers.

Checking domain zone transfer from the master to the slave server

Execute the command:

dig <domain> @<IP address> axfr
 View details

<domain> — domain name.

<IP address> — WWW-domain IP address.

The response should look like this:

dig domain.name @1.1.1.1 axfr
; <<>> DiG 9.8.2rc1-RedHat-9.8.2-0.23.rc1.el6_5.1 <<>> domain.name @1.1.1.1 axfr
;; global options: +cmd
domain.name.		3600	IN	SOA	mary.me. root.example.com. 2014041800 10800 3600 604800 86400
domain.name.		3600	IN	NS	ns1.example.com.
domain.name.		3600	IN	NS	ns2.example.com.
domain.name.		3600	IN	TXT	"v=spf1 ip4:1.1.1.1 a mx ~all"
domain.name.		3600	IN	MX	10 mail.domain.name.
domain.name.		3600	IN	A	1.1.1.1
ftp.domain.name.	3600	IN	A	1.1.1.1
mail.domain.name.	3600	IN	A	1.1.1.1
pop.domain.name.	3600	IN	A	1.1.1.1
smtp.domain.name.	3600	IN	A	1.1.1.1
www.domain.name.	3600	IN	A	1.1.1.1
domain.name.		3600	IN	SOA	mary.me. root.example.com. 2014041800 10800 3600 604800 86400

A possible cause:  the file of the DNS-server domain zone in allow-transfer includes the private IP address, which is not accessible from the secondary server. 

Access permissions

The following information is displayed in the log file during domain zone transfer: 

zone domain.name/IN: loading from master file /var/named/domain.name failed: permission denied
one domain.name/IN: not loaded due to errors.

It indicates insufficient permissions for the zone file. The zone file must belong to the user who runs BIND:

ls -ld /var/named/domain.name
-rw------- 1 named named 395 Апр 18 06:24 /var/named/domain.name

Also check the  /var/named/ directory permissions:

ls -ld /var/named/
drwxr-x--- 5 root named 4096 Апр 18 06:32 /var/named/

Issues with web-server


Web-server files

Apache configuration file

CentOS: /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

Debian: /etc/apache2/apache2.conf

Nginx configuration

CentOS, Debian: /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

Issues with website statistics collection

Statistics is not displayed to a user 

Statistics for a WWW-domain is stored in /var/www/<WWW-domain owner>/data/www/<WWW-domain>/webstat. Make sure that the files in this directory belong to the user. 

Statistics displays only one unique visitor

This problem can occur if both Nginx and Apache are installed. To resolve the issue, install mod_rpaf for Apache.

Zero statistics

Check that the AWStats configuration file for the WWW-domain /etc/awstats/awstats.<WWW-domain>.conf) has the parameter:

Awstats configuration file
LogFormat=1

Check the Apache configuration file for the WWW-domain <path to the Apache directory>/conf/vhosts/<WWW-domain owner>/<WWW-domain> contains the forward — “combined”:

Apache configuration file
CustomLog /var/www/httpd-logs/<WWW-domain>.access.log combined

How to exclude my IP from statistics

Add the following string into the configuration file /etc/awstats/awstats.<WWW-domain>.conf.

Awstats configuration file
SkipHosts="<IP address>"

Note

For more information about Awstats issues please refer to the official website.

info@mustanhost.com
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Седат Игдеджи, Sedat Igdeci, Cedat Igdeci, Bekir Igdeci, Lidiya Igdeci, Elizaveta Igdeci